The Physical Geography

of the Earth: Unit 2

As you begin using the physical geography teaching resources for Unit 2, make sure you explain to your students, first of all, that our planet Earth has a ton of different landforms. Some of which we don’t ever see, like on the ocean floor! Ask your students,

“What creates these landforms?”

Discuss answers and then explain that the energy from the Earth’s core as well as the forces of wind, water and even ice are responsible for the way the Earth looks today. These energies and forces are called weathering and erosion.

Students should understand that the earth has four layers:

1. the inner core

2. the outer core

3. the mantle

4. and the crust

Your students will be amazed to learn that water makes up around 70 percent of the Earth's surface. Only three percent of that water is unsalted & fresh!

The normal patterns of weather in a particular place is called climate. What dictates climate? The sun, the wind, and water all play a part. Even landforms can determine what the weather will be like! For example, the distance between landforms and water along with how close to water the landform is will influence the temperatures and the rainfall of that place. All of this helps Geographers understand what types of climate zones different parts of the Earth have.
There are five major climate zones:

1. tropical

2. mid-latitude

3. high-latitude

4. dry

5. and highland

Unit 2 covers all of these topics and much more. There is even a very fun and creative project here where students construct weather magnets!

Click on the links below to download the many geography teaching resources:

Unit 2 Terms: Earth's Physical Geography

PowerPoint Presentation for Unit 2

PowerPoint Fill-in-the-Notes for Unit 2

Unit 2 Project: Creating Weather Magnets!

Tally Sheets for Creating Weather Magnets Project

Unit 2 Using Technology Classroom Activity

Grading Rubric for Unit 2 Using Technology Classroom Activity

Unit 2 Study Guide

Unit 2 Test Coming Soon...

Return from Earth's Physical Geography to World Geography


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